Wood biomass in the Nordic Bioeconomy.
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Wood is one of the most common raw materials used in the Nordic countries. Therefore forest products play an important role for the realization of the bio-economy concept; they are renewable, ecologically friendly and can be recycled.

Forest biomass

Biomass is a tissue produced by living organisms. In a forest, trees produce huge amounts of biomass. Forest biomass has been used by humans for thousands of years for a variety of purposes. Renewable resources are key to creating a sustainable future and our forests are among the main contributors.

Goals of the WoodBio project

This project aims to highlight the role of forestry in the Nordic bio-economy with emphasis on wood biomass as raw material. The wood biomass can be used for generating heat and electricity, producing biofuels and making bio-chemicals.

Wood biomass sources

This project deals with the following wood biomass sources:

  • Forest harvesting by cutting some of the trees from the forest to give space for better forest growth for the future. Often referred to as precommercial thinning of forest.
  • Timber harvesting and logging: wood residuals, including branches and undersized trees, removed during typical timber harvesting operations.
  • Sawmill and other wood manufacturing residues: bark, undersized and defective wood, sawdust, and other wood waste.
  • Dedicated forests (plantations): fast growing trees grown specifically for wood biomass production.


The output of the WoodBio project will be:

  • Updated information on the supply of wood biomass in the Nordic countries and usage of wood biomass.
  • Predicted future demands (2020, 2050) of the traditional use of wood biomass, both as resource for energy and other industries (e.g. pulp, papermaking, textiles, chemicals and silicon manufacturing).
  • Information about the best forest management practice for high productive forestry (fast growing plantation forest) and a model showing the most promising tree species for wood biomass production in the Nordic countries depending on different site conditions.
  • Details about available land area for dedicated forests (plantation forest) for wood biomass in the Nordic countries.
  • Information on the highest value added product from wood biomass.
  • An overview of the new developing industries (innovation) utilizing the wood biomass and information on the future demands of the evolving industry for the biomass.
  • The importance of wood biomass in the Nordic bio-economy based on the findings from the above information.

To be able to fulfil the criteria concern- ing bioeconomy, forestry must be highly sustainable in all aspects. The most important aspect is that the forest serves as a source of renewable raw material for the coming future.

Project participants

The project involves highly skilled researchers from all of the Nordic countries. They come from research institutes, universities and the industry. Close collaboration will be with related projects in the Nordic, concerning, wood biomass and bio-economy. The project will also collaborate with SNS (Nordic Forest Research) and EFINORD (European Forest Institute).

Contact information
Dr. Ólafur Eggertsson, senior researcher
Iceland Forest Research,
Mogilsa, 116 Reykjavik, Iceland
Tel: +354 470 2091
Mobile: +354 690 4724
Email: olie@skogur.is